Known for its numerous parks and reserves, Garoua is the capital of Cameroon’s Northern Region. It is also known for its busy economic activities as it is Cameroon’s third busiest port. The town serves as a crossroad for goods circulating around Cameroon, Nigeria and Chad. It also harbors industries specializing in textiles, cottonseed oil, beer and soft drinks, construction materials, shoes and processed foods.
The Fulbe who are part of its inhabitants carry out mainly cattle raring and can be seen roaming with their cattle throughout the whole northern region and beyond. As a Savanna region with thick grasses and isolated groups of trees, the vast stretch of land around Garoua is home to numerous animal species including hippopotami, waterbuck, giant eland, elephants, lions, jackals, species of monkeys and several reptile species. North of this town, towards Maroua, lies the famous Waza national Park, and to the south, the Benue National Park, the Bouba Njida National Park, and the Faro Reserve.
The Bata people are known for their expert skills in horse breeding and they use this animal, together with donkeys for transportation throughout. A large road network makes transportation to and from the town very easy. It also has an airport with local and international air flights.