Sitting in a region with the greatest cultural diversity in Cameroon (over 50 ethnic groups), Maroua, Northernmost town of Cameroon, is as diverse in its culture as it is in its plant and animal life.
The whole territory of the Far North region where Maroua lies is home to most of Africa’s iconic species: antelope, chacals, cheetahs, crocodiles, elephants, giraffes, heron, hippopotami, hyenas, leopards, lions, monkeys, warthogs, among others. Most of these species, due to human activity, are found in protected areas and national parks. The Waza National Park is among these, and it covers 1 700 square kilometers of land.
Infrastructure in and around Maroua vary with the locals. The most common type of house here is a small building with a small entryway under a conical roof covered in palm leaves or thatching. Builders make walls from locally available materials, so for example, the Matakam use stone, the Fulani use clay, and the Guizigi weave walls of straw.
A large segment of the population is made up of the Nomadic Fulani who frequently drive large herds of cattle through and beyond the town.
The surroundings of Maroua are filled with mountains which were once volcanically active, as attested by still standing extinct volcanoes. Rainfall here is relatively low and the climate is hot and dry, averaging 26 degrees Celsius.