Ngaoundere is the main link between the predominantly Christian South and the Muslim North of Cameroon. It is at the northern end of a rail road to Yaounde, the major route linking these two parts of the country. Even though the railway line ends here, Ngoundere has a developed road network which links it to the two northern towns (Garoua and Maroua). This road network extends up into neighboring Chad. Its population of over 152 000 are a mixture of Muslims (about 60%) and Christians (about 30%).
Ngaoundere is mostly remembered for the magnificent Lamido Palace and the Lamido Grand Mosque. The rest of the city is quite developed and a district once held one of the largest Norwegian contingencies in any place in the world. It also has one of the State Universities where French is the language of instruction. This language is also widely spoken on a daily basis.